Zero-Budget Natural Farming is a cultivating method for the natural development of yields without using substance composts. It is a unique chemical-free method that involves agro-ecology. For the zero-net expenditure of manufacturing, outcomes are known as the term zero budget. ZBNF reduces farming expenses and promotes the use of natural fertilizers and local seeds. It uses biological pesticides. Farmers can use cow dung, urine, human excreta, plants, natural fertilizers, and earthworms to crop protection. It protects the soil from degradation and decreases the farmer’s investment. Zero budget farming is the best method for chemical-free agriculture, drawing from conventional Indian methods.
A grassroots peasant movement has spread to various states in India. It has attained wide success in southern India, especially the south Indian state of Karnataka, where it first evolved. A rough estimation for just Karnataka puts the figure there at around 100,000 farmer families. At the same time, at the national level, ZBNF leaders claim that numbers could run into millions.
Properties of ZBNF:
it is a mixture of aged cow urine, dung, water, pulse flour, and soil. This mixture is a natural fertilizer that is applied to the farmland.
it is mainly used for insects and pest control and also used for seed protection.
Bijamitra is a mixture of tobacco, green chilies, and neem leaf pulp.
Acchadana: it protects topsoil during cultivation and doesn’t destroy during tilling.
Whapasa: The condition where there are both air molecules and water molecules present in the soil, Reduces irrigation requirements.
Why is zbnf necessary?
NSSO data says that 70% of farmers invested more than what they earn. In zbnf, nothing is to be purchased from outside. Everything can be made from natural resources.
Easy to maintain:
Requirements for the zbnf are easily available, and there will not be much cost to prepare all the required properties.
Advantages of ZBNF Farming:
- Reduces the cost to the farmers
- with no initial cost, farmers income might increase
- Soil richness will improve by using natural manures.
- Requires less electricity and water
- Reduces disease attacking risks.
- Quality of production increases.
- Bacteria of cow dung decompose the organic matter in soil and make soil for the plants.
Disadvantages of ZBNF Farming :
- ZBNF in India is not in a wide range
- There is not much scientific research under evaluation.
ZBNF is an excellent farming technique for Indian farmers with low cost and high productivity.